IFR RT Communications

Hello reader,

Its been a while since my last post. So here i go again!

rtf

ICAO sets out standard international phraseology for communications between air traffic services and pilots in several documents including Annex 10 Volume 2 (Communications Procedures) to the Convention on International Civil Aviation and ICAO PANS-ATM (Procedures for Air Navigation Services – Air Traffic Management) Doc. 4444.

Introduction
Radiotelephony provides the means by which pilots and ground personnel communicate with each other. Used properly, the information and instructions transmitted are of vital importance in assisting in the safe and expeditious operation of aircraft. However, the use of non-standard procedures and phraseology can cause misunderstanding. Incidents and accidents have occurred in which a contributing factor has been the misunderstanding caused by the use of non-standard phraseology. The importance of using correct and precise standard phraseology cannot be over-emphasised. Communications shall be concise and unambiguous, using standard phraseology for all situations for which it is specified. Obviously, it is not practicable to detail phraseology examples suitable for every situation. However, if standard phrases are adhered to when composing a message, any possible ambiguity will be reduced to a minimum. Only when standard phraseology cannot serve an intended transmission, shall plain language be used.

IFR Departures
At many airports both arrivals and departures are handled by a single approach control unit. At busier airports departures and arrivals may be handled separately. Pilots of all aircraft flying Instrument Departures are to include the following information on first contact with approach control/departure radar:

  • Call sign;
  • SID Designator where appropriate;
  • Current or passing ALT/FL; PLUS
  • Cleared ALT/FL. For Standard Instrument Departures involving stepped climb profiles, state the initial ALT/FL to which the aircraft is climbing.

NB : In addition to the ATC route clearance, departing IFR flights may be given additional instructions to provide separation in the immediate vicinity.

IFR Arrivals
Aircraft flying within controlled airspace will normally receive descent clearance to the clearance limit from the ACC prior to transfer to an approach control unit. On transfer to approach control further descent instructions may be given.

Communication script

The following transcript of an IFR flight, GIA734, from Soekarno Hatta Jakarta (WIII) to Juanda Surabaya (WARR), with the ATC online :

  • Pilot in Command: Achmad Ferdi Iskandar
  • Departure Airport: Soekarno Hatta (WIII)
  • Arrival Airport: Juanda (WARR)
  • Aircraft / Registration: B737-800 (PK-GMX)
  • Total Pax and Crew: 161
  • Flight Time:  TBF
  • Flight Date:  TBF
  • Route : KASAL G461 BA

•    GIA734:

Soeta Delivery, Indonesia 734 with information DELTA, type boeing 737-800 at stand F22 with 100 POB, request IFR Clearence to Juanda Surabaya, Flight Level 330 ready to copy

.•    WIII_DEL:
Indonesia 734, clear IFR to Juanda Airport Flight, via G461, flight level 330, follow Halim one juliet departure runway 25 Right, squawk 7201.

•    GIA734:
Cleared IFR to Juanda Airport Flight, via G461, flight level 330, follow Halim one juliet departure, squawk 7201, Indonesia 734.

•    WIII_DEL:
Indonesia 734, readback corect, contact ground on 121.600 for pushback.

•    GIA734:
Contact ground 121.600.

•    GIA734:
Soeta ground, Indonesia 734 at stand F22 ready for push and start.

•    WIII_GND:
Indonesia 734, clear for push and start facing south.

•    GIA734:
Start and push approved facing south, Indonesia 734.

•    GIA734:
Soeta Ground, Indonesia 734 request taxi.

•    WIII_GND:
Indonesia 734, taxi to holding position November (N) 1, holdshort runway 25R, via taxiway November Charlie (NC) 3, November Papa (NP) 1, report on short.

•    GIA734:
Taxi to holding position November (N) 1 via taxiway November Charlie (NC) 3, November Papa (NP) 1, will report on short runway 25R, Indonesia 734.

•    WIII_GND:
Indonesia 734, contact Soeta Tower, 119.750.

•    GIA734:
Soeta Tower 118.750, Indonesia 734.

•    GIA734:
Soeta Tower , Indonesia 734 at holding position N1.
•    WIII_TWR:
Indonesia 734, line up and wait runway 25R behind traffic rolling, squawk mode ON (or Charlie).

•    GIA734:
Lining up and wait runway 25R, wilco, Indonesia 734.

•    WIII_TWR:
Indonesia 734, wind 240 at 08 knots, QNH 1011, runway 25R clear for takeoff.

•    GIA734:
Wind copied, QNH 1011, clear for take off runway 25R, Indonesia 734.

•    WIII_TWR:
Indonesia 734, proceed SID, contact Jakarta Approach on 119,750, bye.

•    GIA734:
Jakarta Approach on 119,750, Indonesia 734.

•    GIA734:
Jakarta Approach, Indonesia 734, information DELTA passing 3000 feet climbing to flight level 330, Halim 1 juliet, with you.

•    WIII_APP:
Indonesia 734, radar identified, cancel SID, clear direct KASAL, climb to final flight level 330, report passing flight level 210.

•    GIA734:
Direct KASAL will report passing flight level 210, Indonesia 734.

•    WIII_APP:
Indonesia 734, contact Jakarta Center at 120.90, bye bye.

•    GIA734:
Jakarta Center at 120.90, for Indonesia 734, bye.

•    GIA734
Jakarta Center, Indonesia 734 climb to flight level 330, inbound KASAL with you.

•    WIIZ_CTR:
Indonesia 734, Jakarta Center, radar contact proceed as filed, climb and maintain flight level 330 report passing Alpha November Yankee (ANY).

•    GIA734:
Climb and maintain flight level 330, call you passing Alpha November Yankee (ANY), Indonesia 734.

•    WIIZ_CTR:
Indonesia 734, contact Bali/Ujung Control at 128.10, bye bye.

•    GIA734:
Contact Bali/Ujung Control at 128.10, Indonesia 734, bye.

•    GIA734:
Bali/Ujung West Control, Indonesia 734 passing Alpha November Yankie (ANY) for Bravo Alpha (BA) flight level 330 with you.

•    WIIZ_CTR:
Indonesia 734, Bali/Ujung West Control, roger, continue Bravo Alpha, expect Blora 1 Alpha arrival ILS approach runway 10, report ready for descend.

•    GIA734:
Expect Blora 1 Alpha arrival ILS approach runway 10, call you ready for descend, Indonesia 734.

•    GIA734:
Bali/Ujung West Control, Indonesia 734 ready for descent.

•    WAAZ_CTR:
Indonesia 734, descend and maintain flight level 150, report reaching.

•    GIA734:
Descent flight level 150, wilco, Indonesia734.

•    WAAZ_CTR:
Indonesia 734, contact Surabaya Approach at 119.10, bye bye.

•    GIA734:
Surabaya Approach at 119.10 for Indonesia 734, bye, thank you.

•    GIA734:
Surabaya Approach, Indonesia 734 with information November at flight level 150 Blora 1 alpha arrival with you.

•    WARR_APP:
Indonesia 734, Surabaya Approach, information November correct, continue descend and maintain 7000feet, QNH 1008, report reaching.

•    GIA734:
Descend and maintain 7000feet QNH 1008, call you reaching, Indonesia 734.

Before we continue, i would like to highlight the “Vectoring to Final Approach” implementation,  Radar vectors are usually given to arriving flights to position them onto a pilot interpreted approach aid, to a point from which a radar-assisted approach can be made or to apoint from which a visual approach is made. In the following example an identified aircraft inbound to Juanda is given radar vectors to the ILS.
•    WARR_APP:
Indonesia 734, turn left heading 090, continue descent 3000feet, vector ILS r/w 10.

•    GIA734:
Turn left heading 090, descent 3000feet, Indonesia 734.

•    WARR_APP:
Indonesia 734, turn right heading 100, continue descent and maintain 2500feet.

•    GIA734:
Turn right heading 100, descent 2500feet, Indonesia 734.

•    WARR_APP:
Indonesia 734, turn right heading 130, clear for ILS runway 10 approach, report established localizer.

•    GIA734:
Turn right heading 130, clear for ILS runway 10, call you when established, Indonesia 734.

•    GIA734:
Surabaya Approach, Indonesia 734 established ILS runway 10.

•    WARR_APP:
Indonesia 734, continue approach, contact Juanda Tower 118.30, happy landing.

•    GIA734:
Juanda Tower at 118.30, thank you.

•    GIA734:
Juanda Tower, Indonesia 734 information NOVEMBER established ILS runway 10.

•    WARR_TWR:
•    Indonesia 734, Juanda Tower, NOVEMBER correct, continue approach runway 10.

•    GIA734:
Continue approach rwy 10, Indonesia 734.

•    WARR_TWR:
Indonesia 734, QNH 1008 wind 090 at 10 knots, runway 10, clear to land.

•    GIA734:
QNH1008, wind copied, cleared to land runway 10, Indonesia 734.

•    WARR_TWR:
Indonesia 734, contact Juanda ground on 118.90.

•    GIA734:
Contact ground 118.90, Indonesia 734.

•    GIA734:
Juanda Ground, Indonesia 734 vacated runway on November (N) 3, request taxi to gate.

•    WARR_GND:
Indonesia 734, squawk standby, cont taxi to gate of choice via taxiway November (N) 3, November Papa (NP) 1, November (N) 4, report on block.

•    GIA734:
Taxi to gate of choice via taxiway November (N) 3, November Papa (NP) 1, November (N) 4, call you on block, Indonesia 734.

•    GIA734:
Juanda Ground, Indonesia 734 onblock.

•    WARR_GND
Indonesia 734, flightplan closed, welcome to Juanda airport, switch to UNICOM 122.80, see you next departure.

•    GIA734:
Flightplan closed, switch to UNICOM 122.80 for Indonesia 734, thanks for your service, selamat siang.

USE FOR SIMULATION ONLY

(Some line of this tutorial are taken from CAP 413 Radiotelephony Manual document)

13 thoughts on “IFR RT Communications

  1. Nice chief…

    I want to ask again …
    vga for FSX what’s a good recommendation from the chief ..

    thanks sorry if my english is no wrong
    regards..🙂

    1. Tergantung kita cari seri menengah atau highend GPU, GTX660Ti atau seri di atasnya i.e GTX670 and or GTX680 sudah lebih dari cukup untuk FSX PLatform. Saya sendiri menggunakan GTX680.

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